Fugro Seacore; airlift pump modelling proposal

Matthew Hobson

Abstract


This Project reviews options available to Fugro Seacore (fugro), an over water drilling contractor, for predicting the operability of Airlift pumps. This is particular a problem during projects conducted from Jack-Up Barges in areas with large tidal ranges. By reviewing literature and attempting to construct both mathematical and CFD models it is concluded that CFD is too complex for the speed of calculation Fugro require when tendering for projects. In literature a mathematical model is found however further work will be needed to ensure this can be applied to Fugro’s large scale pumps. This is because while Fugro operate in water considered shallow in the offshore industry, the depth of the pump means that the pressure range over its height is far greater than which can be replicated in a laboratory where experimental data for the model has been generated.


Full Text:

PDF

References


ANSYS Inc., 2013. ANSYS CFX-Solver Modeling Guide. [Online]

Available at: http://148.204.81.206/Ansys/150/ANSYS%20CFX-Solver%20Modeling%20Guide.pdf

[Accessed 11 04 2016].

ANSYS, 2012a. Lecture 07 Turbulence, s.l.: s.n.

ANSYS, 2012b. Lecture 11 Transient Flows, s.l.: s.n.

ANSYS, 2012c. Workshop 07 Tank Flush, s.l.: s.n.

AquaMarine Power, 2014. About us: Partners and funders. [Online]

Available at: http://www.aquamarinepower.com/about-us/partners-and-funders/fugro-seacore.aspx

[Accessed 06 04 2016].

Brkic, D., 2011. New explicit correlations for turbulent flow friction factor. Nuclear Engineering and Design, p. 4055–4059.

Cheng, L., Shyh, J. & Hwang, Y., 1997. Gas holdup and liquid velocity in three-phase internal-loop airlift reactors. Chemical Engineering Science, Volume 52, pp. 3949 -960.

Crowley Maritime Corporation, 2015. Marine Solutions. [Online]

Available at: http://www.crowley.com/What-We-Do/Marine-Solutions/Vessel-Specifications/Barges/Jack-Up-Barges

[Accessed 04 11 2015].

Dhoni, M., 2013. Fluid mechanics. [Online]

Available at: http://www.slideshare.net/accelerate786/fluid-mechanics-cengel

[Accessed 16 04 2016].

Doosan Trading Limited, 2009. 12/50 Operation and Maintenance Manual. s.l.:s.n.

Energy 365, 2015. Fugro to provide marine drill coring system to JOGMEC for Methane Hydrate investigations. [Online]

Available at: http://www.energy-pedia.com/news/general/fugro-to-provide-marine-drill-coring-system-to-jogmec-for-methane-hydrate-investigations

[Accessed 13 06 2015].

Faber, 1995. Fluid Dynamics For Physisits. Cambidge: Cambridge University Press.

Fan, W. et al., 2013. Experimental study on the performance of an air-lift pump for artificial upwelling. Ocean Engineering, Volume 59, p. 47–57.

Frank, T. et al., 2008. Validation of CFD models for mono- and polydisperse air–water two-phase flows in pipes. Nuclear Engineering and Design, 03.pp. 647-659.

Frank, T. et al., 2005. Inhomogeneous MUSIG Model – a Population Balance. Bled, s.n., pp. 067.1-067.12.

Fugro, 2015a. About Us. [Online]

Available at: http://www.fugro.com/about-fugro

[Accessed 13 06 2015].

Fugro, 2015b. about-us. [Online]

Available at: http://www.seacore.com

[Accessed 13 06 2015].

Fugro, 2015c. Cone Penertration Testing (CPT). [Online]

Available at: http://www.fes.co.uk/services/CPT/

[Accessed 15 06 2015].

Fugro, 2015d. about-us. [Online]

Available at: http://www.fes.co.uk/about-us/

[Accessed 13 06 2015].

Fugro, 2015e. fugro at a glance. [Online]

Available at: http://www.fugro.com/about-fugro/group-overview/fugro-at-a-glance

[Accessed 13 06 2015].

Fugro, 2015f. FUGRO WINS EARLY GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION IN ONE OF EUROPE’S LARGEST INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS. [Online]

Available at: http://www.fugro.com/media-centre/press-releases/fulldetails/2015/07/16/fugro-wins-early-geotechnical-investigation-in-one-of-europe-s-largest-infrastructure-projects

[Accessed 06 04 2016].

Fujimoto, H., Murakami, S., Omura, A. & Takuda, H., 2004. Effect of local pipe bends on pump performance of a small air-lift system in transporting solid particles. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, pp. 996-1005.

Gray, G. & Darley, H., 1980. Composition and Properties of Oil Well Drilling Fluids. 4 ed. Houston: Gulf Publishing.

Hackwell, 2015 Private Communications with Fugro GeoSevices, Project Design Engineer.

Hanafizadeh, P., Karimi, A. & Saidi, M., 2011. Effect of Step Geometry on the Performance of the Airlift Pump. International Journal of Fluid Mechanics Research, 38(5), pp. 387-408.

Holtrop, J. & Mennen, G., 1982. An Approximate Power Prediction Method. Int. Shipbuild Progress, Volume 29, pp. 166-171.

Huanga, Q., Yanga, C., Yua, G. & Mao, Z.-S., 2010. CFD simulation of hydrodynamics and mass transfer in an internal airlift loop reactor using a steady two-fluid model. Chemical Engineering Science, p. 5527–5536.

Jamaloeia, B. Y., Asgharia, K. & Kharratb, R., 2012. The investigation of suitability of different capillary number definitions for flow behavior characterization of surfactant-based chemical flooding in heavy oil reservoirs. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, Volume 90–91, p. 48–55.

Kassaba, S. Z., Kandila, H. A., Wardaa, H. A. & Ahmedb, W. H., 2009. Air-lift pumps characteristics under two-phase flow conditions. International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow, 02, 30(1), p. 88–98.

Kelly, M., White, M. & Owen, I., 2016. Using airwake simulation to inform flight trials for the Queen Elizabeth Class Carrier. London, The Institute of Marine Engineering, Science and Technology, pp. 24-36.

Kim, S.-H., Sohn, C.-H. & Hwang, J.-Y., 2014. Effects of tube diameter and submergence ratio on bubble pattern and performance of air-lift pump. International Journal of Multiphase Flow, p. 195–204.

Kinsky, R., 1982. Applied Fluid Dynamics. 1 ed. Sydney: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Laugier, A. & Garai, J., 2007. Derivation of the Ideal Gas Law. Journal of Chamical Education, 11, 84(11), pp. 1832-1833.

Linfield, K. & Murdry, R., 2008. Pros and Cons of CFD and Physical Flow Modeling. [Online]

Available at: http://www.airflowsciences.com/sites/default/files/docs/Pros-and-Cons-of-CFD-and-Physical-Flow-Modeling.pdf

[Accessed 13 08 2016].

Maclean, R., 2015. Jack-up rig is demobilised. [Online]

Available at: http://www.falmouthpacket.co.uk/in_port/13874565.Jack_up_rig_is_demobilised/

[Accessed 06 04 2016].

Mahrous, A. F., 2012. Numerical Study of Solid Particles-Based Airlift Pump Performance. WSEAS Transactions on Applied and Theoretical Mechanics, 7.7(3).

Menter, F., 2002. CFD best practice guidelines (BPG) for CFD code validation for reactor safety applications. EC Project ECORA, Volume EVOL-ECORA-D01, pp. 1-47.

NASA, 2014. Reynold Number. [Online]

Available at: https://www.grc.nasa.gov/www/BGH/reynolds.html

[Accessed 03 12 2015].

PennWell Corporation, 1999. Research focusing on degree of contamination from cuttings piles. [Online]

Available at: http://www.offshore-mag.com/articles/print/volume-59/issue-8/departments/international-focus/research-focusing-on-degree-of-contamination-from-cuttings-piles.html

[Accessed 04 11 2015].

Pougatch, K. & Salcudean, M., 2008. Numerical modelling of deep sea air-lift. Ocean Engineering, 35(11-12), p. 1173–1182.

Ragner, C. L., 2008. The Northen Sea Route. [Online]

Available at: http://norden.se

[Accessed 15 06 2015].

Reinemann, D. J., Parlange, J. Y. & Timmons, B. M., 1990. Theory of Small-Diameter Airlift Pumps. International Journal for Multiphase Flow, Volume 16, pp. 113-122.

Rigzone.com, 2015. How Do Jackups Work?. [Online]

Available at: http://www.rigzone.com/training/insight.asp?insight_id=339&c_id=24

[Accessed 04 11 2015].

Rigzone, 1999. How Do Drilling Fluids Work?. [Online]

Available at: http://www.rigzone.com/training/insight.asp?insight_id=291&c_id=24

[Accessed 10 04 2016].

Sadooni, M. & Ebrahimi, M., 2012. Investigating the Effect of Capillary Number on Performance Prediction of an Iranian Fractured Gas Condensate Reservoir. Petroleum Science and Technology, 30(19), pp. 2076-2087.

SAS IP, 2013. ANSYS Fluid Dynamics Verification Manual. [Online]

Available at: http://148.204.81.206/Ansys/150/Fluid%20Dynamics%20Verification%20Manual.pdf

[Accessed 12 04 2016].

Sayma, A., 2009. Computational Fluid Dynamics. s.l.:Ventus Publishing.

Shin, K. & Andersen, P., 2015. CFD analysis of cloud cavitation on three tip-modified. s.l., IOP Publishing, pp. 1-4.

Smith, C., 2012. A Solution for Every Multiphase Challenge. [Online]

Available at: https://support.ansys.com/staticassets/ANSYS/Conference/Confidence/Phoenix/Downloads/solution-every-multiphase-challenge.pdf

[Accessed 10 04 2016].

Stenning, A. H. & Martin, C. B., 1968. An Analytical and Experimental Study of Air-Lift Pumpo Performance. A Journal of Engineering for Power, pp. 106 - 110.

subseaworldnews, 2015. fugro completes hornsea project one geotechnical campaign. [Online]

Available at: http://subseaworldnews.com/2015/04/23/fugro-completes-hornsea-project-one-geotechnical-campaign/

[Accessed 16 06 2015].

Tayebi, D., Svendsen, H., Jakobsen, H. & Grisligas, A., 2007. MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES AND DATA INTERPRETATIONS FOR VALIDATING CFD MULTI PHASE REACTOR MODELS. Chemical Engineering Communications, 10, 186(1), pp. 56-169.

Tighzert, H., Brahimi, M., Kechroud, N. & Benabbas, F., 2013. Effect of submergence ratio on the liquid phase velocity, efficiency and void fraction in an air-lift pump. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 10, 110(1), p. 155–161.

Towle, P. & Fishwick, M., 2015. Reeds Nautical Almanac 2016 (Reed's Almanac). Aberdeen: Harold Brunton-Reed.

Wahba, E. M. et al., 2014. On the Performance of Air-Lift Pumps: From Analytical Models to Large Eddy Simulation. Journal of Fluids Engineering, pp. on-line.

Yoshinaga, T. & Sato, Y., 1996. PERFORMANCE OF AN AIR-LIFT PUMP FOR CONVEYING COARSE P ARTICLES. PInt. J. Multiphase Flow Vol. 22, No. 2, pp. 223-238, 1996, 22(2), pp. 223-238.

Zohuri, B., 2012. Dimensional Analysis and Self-Similarity Methods for Engineers and Scientists. s.l.:Springer.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License

ISSN 1754-2383 [Online] ©University of Plymouth